Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library Foundation

Daniel Hauser

On July 1-3, 1863, a battle that will forever be considered the bloodiest battle on American soil took place. The battle of Gettysburg, or more specifically, Pickett's charge, was the largest turning point of the American Civil War. On the third day of the battle, Major General George Pickett, led by Lieutenant General James Longstreet, ordered a straight on assault on the union, who were just on the other side of a large field. The Union had previously stopped the Confederation from flanking them, so the leaders of the Confederation decided to run straight at them, thinking they they could push the Union troops back. Eventually, the Confederation was slaughtered and thus forced to retreat. After the battle, Lee claimed responsibility for the failure. Robert E. Lee, a general, and the head of the Gettysburg campaign, had men under his command who were considered special forces: they had large numbers, and many weapons. Any Union group of soldiers who came across them were been scared. These union troops were very insecure going against Lee's special forces, and losing Chancellorsville didn't help matters, either, especially as they lost other battles. The Union soldiers were demoralized and very shaken due to significant leadership losses. The charge commenced, and the union soldiers piled the ammunition onto the confederation, who were forced to retreat. The Confederation wasn't the same after that. Eventually, the Union went on to stop the charge and win the battle of Vicksburg, and ultimately winning the Civil War. Thus, the union repelling of Pickett's charge was a very pivotal point in the battle of Gettysburg and the Civil War as a whole. Daniel Hauser Fisher High School Fisher IL